Scientific Name Hystrix africaeaustralis Range Africa Conservation Status Least Concern A Rodent with Quills. Although they are solitary foragers, they often share their burrows. (1997), no male weight is transferred to the female, no penile lock occurs, and there are multiple intromissions and multiple thrustings. Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. When disturbed, they raise and fan quills to create an illusion of greater size (Nowak 1991). ("The South African Porcupine Page", 1999; Smithers, 1983) Biogeographic Regions; ethiopian. They belong to the ‘Old World’ porcupine family – they tend to burrow, rather than climb trees like the porcupines found in North and South America (the ‘New World’). African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World ... being slightly heavier on average than crested porcupine but slightly lighter than Cape porcupines. Porcupine quills are modified hair, and are therefore shed in the same way as our own hair, simply by falling out. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. It eats leaves, herbs, twigs and green plants like clover and in the winter it may eat bark. Porcupines can weigh from 2 to 60 pounds depending on the species. Keywords: Crested porcupine, range expansion, wildlife mapping Introduction Subgenus Hystrix Linnaeus, 1758 includes three spe-cies of large rodents (body weight: 10–15 kg) distrib-uted in the Old World. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Temporal activity patterns of crested porcupines Hystrix cristata. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. They live about 20 years, both in the wild and in captivity. 1990. 1995. Let's hope in a good expansion of this species. Food: Roots, tubers, bark, fruit, berries, blossoms, leaves. In the wild their diet varies from twigs, berries, barks, leaves, roots, stem and other vegetation depending on the seasons and species of porcupines. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. The African porcupine is the largest rodent in the regions they inhabit. Family Hystricidae. Geographic Range Found in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy, Bearizona Wildlife Park Note on the status of the crested porcupine Hystrix cristata in Italy. Her gentle eyes are a deep brown. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. (80.5 cm) long and weighing up to 47 lb. McGraw-Hill, New York. The long-tailed porcupine of the Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. They are poached for food and killed because they are considered an agricultural pest (Nowak 1991; Amori and Angelici 1992). Although they have been found at altitudes of 11,480 feet on Mount Kilimanjaro, they are not found in … Hystrix are terrestrial, rarely climbing trees, but are able to swim (Nowak 1991). African Crested Porcupine. On these particular arboreal species, quills on the tail are really hard, tough and also points backwards enabling them to stay and climb on the tree branches. The crested porcupine is widespread in Africa and Italy. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. The diet of the Crested porcupine Hystrix cristata L., 1758 in a Mediterranean rural area. These porcupines find shelter in caves, rock crevices, holes or burrows that they might have dug. Crested Porcupine has somewhat long, coal-colored hair that falls evenly on either side of her head with distinctive, "quill"-like striped locks framing her round face. Porcupines African Crested Porcupines Order: rodent. (1995) found that moonlight avoidance was slight and only occurred in open areas (unlike H. indica in which significant moonlight avoidance has been documented). They have shorter hind legs with four fingers on the front feet and 5 on the hind feet. This is an African Crested Porcupine that seems to be looking for something in its cage. Diet: African spurred porcupines are … In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa. Characteristics: Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. Ordinarily the quills lay flat. This terrestrial biome includes summits of high mountains, either without vegetation or covered by low, tundra-like vegetation. Please be sure to do your research on state laws and license requirements prior to contacting us. They feed on roots, bulbs, tuber and bark. 1997). Life Span 5 to 7 Years. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the … • “Porcupine” comes from the Latin porcus for pig and spina for spine: “spiny pig.” • All Old World porcupines have spines of some sort, but their spines lack the barbules that characterize the spines of North American porcupines. In addition, they commonly gnaw on bones for calcium and to sharpen incisors (Nowak 1991; Grzimek 1990). native; Habitat. Source: Wikipedia Individuals may remain in burrows through winter but don't truly hibernate (Nowak 1991). Crested porcupine was present in Europe during Late Pleistocene. forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality. The Cape porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world, alongside the nearly identical African crested porcupine. living in the northern part of the Old World. A lion with porcupine quills stuck in his face and neck, in South Africa's Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. African crested porcupines have shorter tails than their New World cousins and the presence of rattle quills at the end of the tail make a hiss-like rattle when they vibrate. Disclaimer: The females have two to three pair of lateral thoracic mammae (Nowak 1991) and males have no scrotum and the penis points backward in the resting position (Grzimek 1990). Crested porcupines have high crowned teeth with plane chewing surfaces for grinding plant cells that are then digested in the stomach (Grzimek 1990). Crested porcupine was present in Europe during Late Pleistocene. Movements and diet of crested porcupines in the Maremma Natural Park, central Italy. Habitat: Highly adaptable, living anywhere vegetation is available.They are more likely to be found in open spaces rather than wooded areas, and they seek out rocky crevices, abandoned burrows and caves for shelter. These quills broaden at the terminal end and this section is hollow and thin walled, so a hisslike rattle is produced by their vibration (Nowak 1991). Status Least Concern. Their distinguishing feature is the coating of the head, nape, tail, and back of the body in long quills. Nowak (1991) reported that breeding occurs throughout the year at the London Zoo, from July to December in Central Africa, and from March to December in Indian zoos. A 10-year-old male African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristala) was one of an apparently infertile pair in a … Acta Theriologica, 35(3-4):173-180. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. Such attacks have been known to kill lions, leopard, hyenas, and humans (Nowak 1991). 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