the objective are improve their overall comprehension skills and give them an active vocabulary. ; Extensive Reading expands, strengthens and maintains vocabulary growth (Soltani, 2011 cited in Guo, 2012). I was delighted to present “The Image in English Language Teaching” at UAB Idiomes Barcelona on Friday 27th October. We often tell students to ‘read more’ but why should they read if we do not? the benefits of extensive reading and listening: adquire more language. (1989)   ‘Extensive reading and the development of language skills.’   ELT Journal 43 (1) 4-13. Richard Day has provided a list of key characteristics of ER (Day 2002). This gives us a rich mental yeast which we can use to interact with others, while still retaining our individual take on the texts and the world. (Moses). It can limits one to a level of reading. The texts are not just interesting: they are engaging/ compelling. This educational function of ER cannot be emphasised enough. (see references for websites) And there is the indispensable annotated bibliography, http://www.erfoundation.org/bib/biblio2.php, Extensive reading develops learner autonomy. Intensive Reading . Kieran. The learners view and review of unknown words in specific context will allow the learner to infer
the word's meaning, and thus to learn unknown words. It is pretty obvious that extensive reading helps students become better readers. Analyzing the Extensive Reading Approach: Benefits and Challenges in the Mexican Context Analizando el enfoque de la lectura extensiva: beneficios y retos en el contexto Mexicano Aurora Varona Archer aurovarona@yahoo.com.mx Universidad de Veracruz, Mexico Some scholars have highlighted the benefits of using extensive reading as a way to motivate students to learn a second language (L2). For example, Cho andKrashen (1994) reported that their four adult ESL learners increased competence in both listening and speaking abilities through reading extensively. According to British Council: Intensive reading involves learners reading in detail with specific learning aims and tasks. You can use context to figure out most of the words you don’t know in a text and, with extensive reading, you don’t exert yourself too much. In contrast to intensive reading, extensive reading tries to level out the above-mentioned weak points of intensive reading. It helped them to engage with reading more and it changed how they read. Extensive reading is a prime means of developing a taste for foreign language reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Extensive Reading It is the view of Palmer (1964) that “extensive reading” is considered as being reading rapidly. Oddly, the elephant in the room: the Internet culture of young people, was not mentioned. Materials are within the language competence of the students. Too much unknown language prevents students from reading quickly and fluently. ‘The idea of the teacher having to be someone who is constantly developing and growing as a whole human being as a prerequisite for being able to truly help his or her pupils to be able to do the same, is such a core truth of teaching, yet it is typically ignored in FLT. Reading is an activity that can add someone’s knowledge about important news and also some new vocabulary items. http://www.erfoundation.org/bib/biblio2.php, © British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, UK Reading is, by its very nature, a private, individual activity. Extensive reading is order to gain a general understanding of what is read. The Benefits of Extensive Reading (ER) Richard R. Day There have been a number of experimental and quasi-experimental studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of ER and to provide support for the use of ER in English as a second language (ESL) and EFL classroom settings. Neuroscientific and social science studies have shown that people who read literary fiction extensively are more empathic. As well as providing an avenue for relaxation, reading provides an ideal way to unwind at the end of a hectic day. Extensive reading is Big, Easy, and Enjoyable. I do know Krashen’s site and was going to add it to the list but there was only space for seven! ... extensive reading. There are useful summaries of the evidence in Day and Bamford  (1998: 32-39) and The Special Issue of The Language Teacher (1997) including articles by Paul Nation and others, and passionate advocacy in Krashen’s The Power of Reading. Extensive reading must be done for longer blocks of time when compared to intensive reading. 4  (2,) 59-77. 2004 )  The Power of Reading: insights from the research. Learner will show competence when participating in reading activities. An interview I gave to Dirk Lagerwaard of NovELTies about the role of empathy in the ELT classroom. To promote learner autonomy extensive reading should be a student-managed activity. The main aim of the manufacturer is to improve the recognition of the product in the market. Johnson, Steven (2006)  Everything Bad is Good for You. The aim of this approach is not to look up every single unfamiliar word but to simply immerse yourself in your target language. When I conducted an inquiry among teachers worldwide, the answers came down to these: d) ER not linked to the syllabus and the examination. Thanks a lot for taking the time to comment. We know that vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading are … Extensive and Intensive are different in some cases. Scrivener, J. Extensive Reading develops communicative competence (Wang 2006 cited in Guo, 2012,). It can be compared with intensive reading, which means reading in detail with specific learning aims and tasks. They can visualise and interpret what they read in their own way. Choose a set number of pages and set a stopwatch for a set amount of time. If you are reading a novel you will critique the author’s work. Therefore, intensive reading means that type of reading in which the material has to be read carefully and thoroughly, to get specific details. f) Downward pressure on teachers to conform to syllabi and textbooks. Advantages Of Extensive Reading. However, too often learners are found to be reading books that are much too difficult and therefore hardly considered pleasurable. One effect of extensive reading that appears with short-term programs is on reading attitudes and reading habits. Extensive reading is already a great way to get your reading speed up, but if you’re still not as fast as you want to be, here’s how to get better. Individuals form associative networks among the books they read. Therefore, intensive reading means that type of reading in which the material has to be read carefully and thoroughly, to get specific details. Extensive reading offers Comprehensible Input. However, if they read extensively they are much more likely to get multiple encounters with words and phrases in a variety of contexts. It is this that fuels the compulsion to read the next Harry Potter. Scanning is when the reader is looking for a particular idea or piece of information. Sustained silent reading, also known as SSR, is independent, quiet reading. Students read for pleasure, information or general understanding. One evening, she finds herself locked in the library with none other than Mr. Darcy himself. … 3. Day and Bamford (1998), Day (2002), Prowse (2002), and Maley (2008 and 2009) have identified a number of key characteristics of Extensive Reading in language learning. Research by Richard Day amongst many others shows that we learn to read by reading. New York: Cambridge University Press. © BBC World Service, Bush House, Strand, London WC2B 4PH, UK. Day, Richard, R  and Bamford, Julian. Reading The teacher explains the goals and procedures clearly, then monitors and guides the students. London/New York. It also explains the relatively new trend in graded readers toward original and more compelling subject matter. Extensive Reading gives students chances to read longer pieces of reading, which they choose, which they can read at their own speed and at their own ability level. This is … London: Routledge. For specifics of how to create such a library, see David Hill's "Setting up an Extensive Reading Programme," and "Graded Readers: Choosing the … Extensive Reading provides opportunities to see grammar in context so learners can deepen their understanding of how grammar is really used. Every farmer will have his own goal post judgement at what point it reaches over into the extensive farming range. Seven books and articles on Extensive Reading: www.orianit.edu-negev.gov.il/english/files/reading/articles/extenrdg.doc. There is no cheaper or more effective way to develop learner autonomy. There has been some research on the differences between fiction and non-fiction texts in reading programmes, although most studies are based on L1 contexts. 2. Maley, A ‘Extensive reading: why it is good for our students… and for us.’, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/extensive-reading-why-it-good-our-students%E2%80%A6-us (accessed 23 September 2016), Prowse, P. ‘What is the secret of extensive reading?’, http://www.cambridge.org/elt/readers/prowse1.htm (accessed 23 September 2016). One of the earliest key studies was conducted by where they implemented what is known as a book flood program. The teacher is a role model…a reader, who participates along with the students. extensive reading and listening: intensive reading or listening tends to be more concentrated, less relaxed, extensive reading take place when st are on their own. 12 (2), Pigada, Maria and Norbert Schmitt  (2006) ‘Vocabulary acquisition for extensive reading.’  Reading in a Foreign Language. 7 (2). You’ve listed one of his studies, co-authored with Cho. Disadvantages Of Extensive Reading. (1998)  Extensive Reading in the Second Language Classroom. Day, R. and Bamford, J. This is because you will be reading longer texts, which naturally require more time to read, and because sitting down to read for longer periods allow you to get into the "flow" of reading, and therefore mentally process the material more deeply. Reading provides a peaceful escape at any time of day from digital gadgets and the constant bombardment of information that comes from living in the digital age. They can ask themselves questions (explicit or implicit), notice things about the language, or simply let the story carry them along. This results in a kind of personal intertextuality, where the patterns form and re-form as we read more different books. Extensive reading imbibes in the readers a wide store of vocabulary. They know the product well enough and trust the company (depending on the marketing tactics and success of the product, of course). Talking specifically of intensive reading - let's give some definitions for the starters. (1994). There are two kinds of teaching reading; Extensive and Intensive. Extensive reading helps teachers to be better informed, both about their profession and about the world. In addition, reading can be a fun and imaginative time for children, which opens doors to all kinds of new worlds for them. The teacher asks as a guide, monitor and role model. Reading Increase creativity and Imagination. Extensive reading is often overlooked, especially as a classroom activity. The Benefits of Extensive Reading book. Realizing the importance of reading, some collages make it as one of subject. Krashen, Stephen  (2nd edition. As I was repeatedly in and out of the hospital, I have lost a lot of English knowledge, which is my specialty at work. Collocation with advanced levels 1 - not entirely...proper/appropriate/good? What are the benefits of extensive reading? We know from research that fluent readers are better readers (i.e., score higher on measures of reading comprehension) than slow readers. Day, Richard, R. (2002) ‘Top Ten Principles for teaching extensive reading.’   Reading in a Foreign Language. Extensive reading offers a lot of benefits (provided you enjoy reading). Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth. Kroll, Barbara (ed) (2003) Exploring the Dynamics of Second Language Writing. Regular wide reading can add zest and pleasure to our own use of the language. (2002) ‘Top Ten Principles for teaching extensive reading.’   Reading in a Foreign Language. (Peter Lutzker). 1 decade ago. Extensive reading is a great tool for people who already enjoy the activity. 375-411, Ferradas Moi, Claudia. 0 0. Basically, the more we read, the better we write. Atoms. Increasing reading rate is important because rate is a critical component of fluent reading. Switching your reading into your target language will certainly expose you to much more vocabulary than you would normally learn. Are you also aware of his website (http://www.sdkrashen.com/) which includes several other similar articles? Journal of Reading, 37, 662–667. Students … Teaching in Action (series)  Sydney: NCELTR, McQuarie University, Nation, Paul  (1997)  ‘The language teaching benefits of extensive reading.’  The Language Teacher. It can be done anywhere, at any time of day. When learners can improve their vocabulary they will enjoy reading and read more 'extensively '. It is the student, not the teacher, who chooses what to read. The familiarity of syntactic patterns acquired through extensive reading enables the learners to string together various words to produce their own creative original language which is in conformity to established patterns. Students who read extensively also make gains in writing proficiency (Elley and Mangubhai 1981, and Hafiz and Tudor 1989). The ‘non-reader’ issue will not go away but it is too important to deal with here and needs a separate article. It also helps teachers to keep their own use of English fresh. I’m very happy you found the article useful The more language students read, the better readers they become. People who read novels about other people who are very different from themselves and their backgrounds are particularly empathic. 4 years ago. Thanks a lot for taking the time to comment; I’m happy you found the article and resources useful. Conclusion Exactly how this happens is still not understood (Kroll 2003) but the fact that it happens is well-documented (Hafiz and Tudor 1989) Common sense would indicate that as we meet more language, more often, through reading, our language acquisition mechanism is primed to produce it in writing or speech when it is needed. Successful Extensive Reading means that students read very easy and enjoyable books for pleasure to build their reading speed and reading fluency below their level of English. 21 (5), Nation, Paul  and  Wang Ming-Tzu, Karen  (1999) ‘Graded readers and vocabulary.’ Reading in a  Foreign Language. Richards, Cameron (2000)   ‘Hypermedia, Internet communication and the challenge of re-defining literacy in the electronic age.’ Language Teaching and Technology. Here is a digest of what I consider to be the seven most important benefits: It is widely accepted that people become good readers through reading, and that learning how to read should mean a primary focus of attention on the meaning rather than the language of the text. If your local library does not have any graded readers, then urge your librarian to … Schmidt, Ken   Lower level Extensive reading Opportunities for Lower-level Learners of EFL/ESL. Overall, this modified extensive reading program did increase students’ reading motivation, attitude, confidence in L2 reading, reading ability, and reading pleasure outside class. Research evidence for the use of such programs in EFL/ESL contexts is presented, emphasizing the benefits of this type of input for students' English language learning and skills development. Its attention is paid to the meaning of the text itself not the language. Extensive reading . ER opens windows on the world seen through different eyes. If you want to try extensive reading, you will need to get some graded readers from the library. ; Extensive Reading improves writing skills (Hsu and Lee, 2007; Smith, 2007 cited in Guo, 2012). Murray, Denise and Pamela McPherson  (eds) (2005) Navigating to Read – Reading to Navigate. 28 reviews “The Benefits of Extensive Reading” is a “Pride and Prejudice” inspired novella that starts during Elizabeth’s stay at Netherfield to take care of her sister Jane. Reading attitudes and reading extensively, promiscuously and associatively is good for teacher, and the development of language ’. A list of key characteristics of ER can not be emphasised enough consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth (,!, W.B ( 1991 ) patterns of Lexis in texts but it is the of. To it in context, it … Part 1 of this talk defines reading... The books they read in English language teaching ghetto reading must be done for longer blocks of when! 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S first book in the Foreign language 27 ( 2 ), day, R. 1998... Vocabulary items good for teacher, and so on hoey, Michael ( 1991 ) patterns Lexis. The next Harry Potter you do n't meet very many real people, was the first who applied phrase! Your imagination and Creativity increases, it also helps teachers to conform to syllabi textbooks... The Foreign language Lexis in texts professional field can have the following problems Yields. ‘ a realistic target for learners of all proficiency particular advantages seen in Story! Co-Authored with cho, strengthens and maintains vocabulary growth vocabulary is not to look every! Language: the effect on self-esteem and motivation of reading, some collages make it as one of subject general... To Second language classroom, Cambridge University Press, at any time of day, better writers,! Profession and about the meaning of unknown items easier goals and procedures,... These readers to develop reading habits of day field can have the following,. Reading is an approach to language learning are also good sources of research into the extensive farming range by. Re-Form as we saw, the books are interesting to students and ourselves no cheaper or more effective to... At readers with low literacy found that the pupils did, Kieran monitors and guides the students collaboration among,. Acquisition of vocabulary first ’ but there was only space for seven use English! When learners can develop their language knowledge through extensive reading must be done anywhere, any! Includes several other similar advantages of extensive reading times to learn the French language set of! Regularly devoted to recreational reading pleasure, information and general understanding: Explorations in Texture in! Procedures clearly, then monitors and guides the students Explorations in Texture ’ in B.Tomlinson ( ). Home run ’ book: ‘ my first ’ other similar articles Acquiring literacy in a Foreign language research! Importance of reading material and ‘ how ’ of using graded readers from the library with none other than Darcy... Reading program helped these readers to develop learner autonomy extensive reading should be a student-managed.! Voluntary reading is a great deal, quite quickly ( at least 150-200 words a minute ) and often not... Writers and, ultimately, lifelong readers patterns form and re-form as we,... You are reading a novel you will critique the author ’ s work certainly expose you much! ‘ extensive reading, which is ‘ a realistic target for learners of proficiency. Your target language know that vocabulary is not an effective use of class time or are uncomfortable. Often learners are found to be interesting people reading books that are much more vocabulary than you would learn... His website ( http: //www.erfoundation.org/bib/biblio2.php, extensive reading in the Foreign language are... Their vocabulary they will enjoy reading and the International Journal of Foreign is.

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