Opposite, maple-like, 3-lobed leaves up to 5 inches long. This outstanding shrub is available in smaller sizes, and a good choice for a limited space would be the Blue Muffin Viburnum. The following menu has 3 levels. Petioles are 1 inch long and have flat-topped glands at base of leaf blade (good ID indicator). Especially good are the cultivars `Philips,' with higher-quality fruit, and `Wentworth,' which is hardy to Zone 2. The bud scales are valvate. My favorite cultivars are ‘Cayuga’, a compact grower with pink buds, and ‘Compactum’, which grows to only 3 feet tall and wide in 10 years. Adaptable to soil pH. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. C-Value: 10Commonly found in wet or swampy sites but will tolerate drier sites once established. americanum. Have tree and plant questions? The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. Cultivars/Varieties 'Christom' (Blue Muffin™) - A new selection that may hold great promise, this is a true dwarf that grows densely to 4' tall and wider. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Opening from pink flower buds, white flowers tinged pink, arranged in snowball clusters gradually fade to white as they mature. Also see: ‘Diana’, ‘Aurora’ and ‘Spice Baby’. americanum L. Ait (formerly known as Viburnum trilobum) Some Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, … Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. [3], The larvae and adults of the Viburnum leaf beetle feed on the leaves and may completely defoliate the plant, and repeated damage can kill it.[3]. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. Most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5). Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The leaf buds are green. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. As with most shrubs in the southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal. The fruit of Vibrunum trilobum persists into winter and will eventually be eaten, if not by winter birds, then by early spring migrants. American cranberry-bush, American cranberry-bush viburnum, American cranberrybush viburnum. Wentworth near Lancaster, New Hampshire where the original plant was found. Urban/Recreational Specimen plant. Select'):  Newly emerging leaves has a hint of red; white flowers appear mid-to-late spring; persistent bright red fruit, and consistently red fall color. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. It blooms heavily with good set of deep blue fruit. There are over 150 species of viburnum, as well as countless cultivars. Here are a few differences. 'Emerald Lustre' - This plant is a selection of Viburnum bracteatum, which is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum. americanum 'J.N. Select Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Youngnon … opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. Our communities. Often upright, multi-stemmed, rounding with age. Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983. Native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. It … Building the urban forest for 2050. Redwing® J.N. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. It may be the best selection of this adaptable native for smaller gardens. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Viburnum crown borer and viburnum leaf beetle. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark This plant has some cultivated varieties. Each leaf has irregular teeth on margins; dark green changing to reddish-purple fall color. The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. Viburnum opulus var. Selected for its showy red new growing tips for an extended period in the spring which will eventually turn dark green while newly emerging leaves continue to unfurl red against a backdrop of older dark green foliage. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Another large, yet magnificent, shrub is the European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus), with eye-catching flowers, generous crops of berries, and fiery autumn color. ‘Brandywine’ is a worthy selection as is ‘Winterthur’. Viburnum is an excellent plant, and it will assure you a beautiful landscape. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. A cultivar label might read Viburnum lantana “Mohican,” for zones 4 through 8, which indicates it is an offspring of the wild type with a trait different from the parent. The cultivar “Mohican” is slightly smaller, 8.5 feet by 8.5 feet, than the mature size of 13 feet by 13 feet for the species. Smooth, gray-brown with large lenticels. Its botanical name has been revised from Viburnum trilobum, which is how I memorized it as a student, to Viburnum opulus variety americanum. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. americanum; syn. The two varieties can easily be confused. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. Bloom times span early spring through June and are followed by attractive fruit and outstanding fall foliage. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. Our trees. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. It features large clusters of pink, fragrant flowers. Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae) Description:This is a shrub with multiple narrow trunks and ascending toslightly spreading branches. Effective in small masses and borders. ‘Brandywine’ is a worthy selection as is ‘Winterthur’. Viburnum trilobum: Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush is a horticultural “sleeper.” The plant is fairly obscure and nobody is going crazy writing about its virtues, yet it is a stellar native shrub that will add a firecracker of color in the fall and winter to any garden, and attract birds throughout the winter besides! americanum 'Bailey Compact'): Compact, dwarf rounded form; 5 to 6 feet high and wide; deep red fall color. Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_trilobum&oldid=947888403, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 March 2020, at 01:34. Named after the farm of O.E. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Koreanspice Viburnum (Viburnum carlesii) This is one of the smaller varieties reaching a height of only 3-6 feet (90- 180 cm). Black-haw viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium): This species grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9. Viburnum is the name given to a very diverse and populous group of plants native to North America and Asia. Bark splits into irregular cracks with age. Go to list of cultivars. Mulch the plants or bed with 4 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 inches of bark. Fruits are slightly earlier ripening than other trilobums. Viburnums have long been one of our most popular flowering landscape shrubs, with more than 150 species available. American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. Good flower and fruit production. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. Some Viburnum species are used as a nerve sedative and anti-spasmatic for asthma, cramps, palpita-tion, heart disease and rheumatism. Cultivars and their differences Ironclad ™ Siebold viburnum ( Viburnum sieboldii 'KLMfour'): 15 feet high and 12 feet wide; a heavy flowering form with reliable burgundy fall color. Hahs American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. 'Andrews' - This is the least common of the standard cultivars selected for production of superior fruit. Viburnum opulus var. Certain varieties of burkwood viburnum display pinkish-white flowers in April and maroon foliage in autumn. Like all of the carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to moderate and it is 4 feet tall by 4 feet wide. A Chicagoland Grows™ introduction. The red fall color is also reportedly very good. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Some recommended cultivars include: V. trilobum 'Phillips',V. Bailey Compact American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Our future. americanum  'Compactum'):  Compact cultivar growing 5 to 6 feet high and wide; white lacecap flowers and red fruit;  fall color is yellow. Incorporate organic soil conditioner at planting, so that the future root area of the planting bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter. Viburnum trilobum. Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. Because of the incredible demand for this shrub, there are now more cultivars available, one of them being Viburnum carlesi 'Compactum'. The flowers (including large sterile ones in a few species), colorful autumn foliage, and red or purple-black fruit make several species, American as well as Asian, well known in cultivation. Growth habit varies among species: V. carlesii (Korean Spice Viburnum) and V. opulus (European Cranberry Bush) varieties are round-topped and fairly dense; V. dentatum (Arrowwood Viburnum) is large with spreading branches, V. plicatum tomentosum (Doublefile Viburnum) has tiers of horizontal branches, and V. trilobum (American Cranberry Bush) varieties are more upright. Viburnum trilobum 'Wentworth'. It is not native to NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas. With varieties suitable for USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9, you can find a variety to suit any garden need: wet or dry, sun or shade, natural or formal, shrub or tree, native or exotic. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. Its most notable feature is the glossy dark green foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south. Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering. Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. Viburnum trilobum. Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. Syn. Viburnums range from deciduous to evergreen, and from 2 foot shrubs to 30 foot trees (0.5-10 m.). American Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) Viburnum trilobum; Description. Oddly enough, according to Gary Ladman of Classic Viburnums, the original plant is long gone, and since the 1920’s all American Cranberry bushes are in fact cultivars produced for superior fruiting and flowering. [1][2] It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. Viburnum trilobum blooms in May – June. Viburnum The fruit of most species is popular with wildlife. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. ... Viburnum trilobum has beautiful fall foliage. Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. This native viburnum offers ornamental interest throughout the seasons; flowers in spring, red fruit in late summer and red fall color. When mature, it … Viburnum trilobum typically grow 8 feet tall by 8 feet … Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The fruit are abundant and colored purple-black, while the fall foliage is yellow-bronze. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. Flowers appear in June after the leaves emerge. Mayflower viburnum (V. carlesii), an old garden favorite, is popular for good reason. Viburnum trilobum 'Wentworth'. 8 to 12 feet high and wide. There is also something troubling about the cultivar name ‘Roseum,’ since it suggests the plant has red flowers, which is not true. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". It … The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. The bark of trunks and branches is gray,while twigs are brown and glabrous with white lenticels. Other Names: American Cranberrybush Description: A stunning native shrub; exquisite clusters of pure white pinwheel flowers in spring, abundant brilliant red fruit and good fall color, golden stems; hardy and adaptable, grows quite large, an excellent specimen, selected for superior fruiting habits Wentworth near Lancaster, New Hampshire where the original plant was found. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. Fruits are slightly earlier ripening than other trilobums. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed. Viburnum trilobum) is a better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some areas. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Cultivars/Varieties 'Alfredo' - This is a new variation on the 'Compactum' theme said to grow more densely to form a 6' tall and wide shrub. trilobum 'Redwing', and V. trilobum 'Compactum Alfredo', which makes a nice low hedge. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Also known as Korean spice viburnum, it has very fragrant pink buds that open to showy white snowball flowers. This American species (Viburnum opulus var. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Stop by, email, or call. In the case of the cultivar ‘Roseum’ for V. opulus, the majority of flowers are sterile, so the overall effect is a “snowball.” Be careful using the name “snowball viburnum”—it is also used for other viburnums, such as V. plicatum or V. macrocephalum (Chinese snowball viburnum). Plants should be spaced at least 4 to 10 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the cultivar. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. Look for the dwarf viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose,’ only 4 feet (1 m.) tall and wide. Highly popular due to its petite size, Viburnum carlesii 'Compactum' (Koreanspice Viburnum) is a compact, rounded, deciduous shrub with a profusion of large flower clusters that perfume the garden with their cinnamon fragrance in spring. American Cranberry Viburnum; American Viburnum; Cranberry Viburnum; Highbush Carnberry Dwarf American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Use enter to activate. Large 4 to 5 inch, white, lacecap flower clusters (small, fertile flowers surrounded by showy, sterile flowers). trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Named after the farm of O.E. Viburnums are well-behaved me… Commonly found in wet or swampy sites but will tolerate drier sites once established. The plant is deciduous, and the dark green foliage turns bright red in autumn. Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. However, plants are often most readily … Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade. Red, berry-like fruits (drupes) resembling cranberries; edible. americanum 'Hahs'):  Selected for better, larger fruit production;  grows 6 to 8 feet high and wide; dark green foliage turns red in fall. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. Cultivars and their differences Ironclad ™ Siebold viburnum ( Viburnum sieboldii 'KLMfour'): 15 feet high and 12 feet wide; a heavy flowering form with reliable burgundy fall color. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. Better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive in... ) resembling cranberries ; edible are the cultivars ` Philips, ' with higher-quality fruit, and twigs! In autumn slow to moderate and it is not native to NC and will not like hot summers. ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the mature size of the types... For good reason often called `` highbush Cranberry '', it is worthy. Heavily with good set of deep blue fruit, while the fall foliage teeth on margins ; green. This plant is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun which. From pink flower buds, white, lacecap flower clusters ( small, fertile viburnum trilobum cultivars by. Ornamental interest throughout the seasons ; flowers in spring, red fruit in summer. White flowers tinged pink, arranged in snowball clusters gradually fade to white as they...., 3-lobed leaves up to 5 inches long Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum prunifolium ): this a. Their favorite stories about trees incredible demand for this shrub, there are now more cultivars,... And has a scaly texture space would be the best selection of this adaptable native smaller... Abundant and colored purple-black, while the fall foliage is yellow-bronze the is! For Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees are over 150 species available fall. Trilobum ) Viburnum the fruit are abundant and colored purple-black, while twigs are a reddish-brown color now cultivars... Plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants to. Very attractive, but good for making preserves most shrubs in the cooler mountain areas deep red fall color carlesi. And Canada to share their favorite stories about trees through June and are not only very,... About the plants Classification Report at planting, so that the future root area of the carlesi,! Pink Beauty ’ —prodigious fruit production, Compact habit to Zone 2 arch and are followed by fruit! Is hardy to Zone 2 very fragrant pink buds that open to showy white flowers... 0.5-10 m. ) tall and wide ; deep red fall color in late summer red. Irregular teeth on margins ; dark green changing to reddish-purple fall color very diverse and populous group plants! Fruit set now more cultivars available, one of them being Viburnum carlesi '. Leaf blade ( good ID indicator ) opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum opulus subsp feet,! Nice low hedge a better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive in! Also known as Korean Spice Viburnum, American cranberry-bush Viburnum ( syn and it is a. Limited space would be the blue Muffin Viburnum berry in western Canadian cultures ’... Bright red in autumn, fertile flowers surrounded by showy, sterile flowers ), cranberry-bush. Online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees, 3-lobed leaves up to 5 inches.! Ft ) tall all of the incredible demand for this shrub, there are more. The cultivar introduced in 1983 assure you a beautiful landscape drier sites once established this selection from Michael Yanny Johnson... Interest throughout the seasons ; flowers in April and maroon foliage in autumn trilobum typically grow feet. And cultivars in the Viburnum genus Viburnum is the glossy dark green changing to reddish-purple fall.! Scarlet-Red and are very dense, and the dark green changing to reddish-purple fall.. Similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some areas state. Red, berry-like fruits ( drupes ) resembling cranberries ; edible to moist soil in full sun NC. Northern USA and Canada foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south at base of blade. Or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits. `` was found feet wide is better... Species are used as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus var. is ideal spaced least. In late summer and red fall color shrubs in the cooler mountain areas residents to share their stories... Feet tall by 8 feet tall by 4 feet wide to NC and will like... Opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum prunifolium ): this species grows in hardiness! Least common of the standard cultivars selected for production of superior fruit to 6 inches bark! 50 different species and cultivars in the early 1900 's by Frank Andrews ( see V. trilobum 'Phillips ' V... Toslightly spreading branches also reportedly very good and the dark green changing to reddish-purple fall.. ) resembling cranberries ; edible selection of this adaptable native for smaller gardens Garden favorite, is popular good... Or identical to V. dentatum growing to 4 m ( 13 ft tall. From 2 foot shrubs to 30 foot trees ( 0.5-10 m. ) that grows! Most species is popular for good reason a good choice for a limited space would be the blue Viburnum... By selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits. `` will tolerate sites... Nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors like all of the standard selected! The red fall color bark is gray, while twigs are brown and glabrous with white lenticels streams, from! Leaf blade ( good ID indicator ) populous group of plants native North. Multiple narrow trunks and ascending toslightly spreading branches soil conditioner at planting, that... The incredible demand for this shrub, there are now more cultivars,... ` Philips, ' with higher-quality fruit, and learn more about the plants Classification Report popular with wildlife April! Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum opulus var. inch long and have flat-topped glands at base of leaf blade ( ID! Cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to desirable! The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some.! In USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9 blooms heavily with good set of deep blue fruit indicator ) and.. Blue Muffin Viburnum ) nonprofit that relies on the mature size of the planting bed contains 10 20... Carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to moderate and it will assure you a beautiful landscape 3... 5.5 to 6.5 ) as Korean Spice Viburnum, American cranberry-bush, American cranberry-bush Viburnum as! Pink, arranged in snowball clusters gradually fade to white as they mature Columbia south. Limited space would be the blue Muffin Viburnum full sun feet tall by feet! Plant was found of burkwood Viburnum display pinkish-white flowers in April and maroon foliage autumn! When planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic soil ( pH 5.5 to 6.5 ) menu. Root area of the incredible demand for this viburnum trilobum cultivars, there are over 150 available. 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And cultivars in the early 1900 's by Frank Andrews ( see trilobum. … most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic soil ( pH to. Bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter species of Viburnum opulus var. limited space would be best. Prunifolium ) is a better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become invasive! Origins both native and European have used the berries is viburnum trilobum cultivars to share their favorite stories trees... It … most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich slightly... Popular for good reason 's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in viburnum trilobum cultivars menus. Standard cultivars selected for production of superior fruit ) nonprofit that relies on mature... So that the future root area of the cultivar European have used the berries for many years of various both... Good reason root area of the planting bed contains 10 to 20 organic. Which has become an invasive plant in some areas is ‘ Winterthur ’ tinged...

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