The British Armed Forces are a professional force with a strength of 148,500 UK Regulars and Gurkhas, 37,150 Volunteer Reserves and 7,810 "Other Personnel"[nb 3] as of 1 July 2020[update]. The British Army is proud to support this annual celebration of the role of black people in our nation’s story.  Reflecting Britain's new role in the world and the escalation of the Cold War (1947–1991), the country became a founding member of the NATO military alliance in 1949. Brigade of Gurkhas is the collective name which refers to all the units in the British Army that are composed of Nepalese Gurkha soldiers. It also provides half of the UK's Forward Air Controllers and the RAF's contribution to the Special Forces Support Group.  The conflict was the most widespread in British history, with British Empire and Commonwealth troops fighting in campaigns from Europe and North Africa, to the Middle East and the Far East. In fall 1883, Hicks marched his jerry-rigged 10,000-man army into Sudan. I use a variety of sources, having about 1,000 books and documents in my library. , During the later half of the seventeenth century, and in particular, throughout the eighteenth century, British foreign policy sought to contain the expansion of rival European powers through military, diplomatic and commercial means – especially of its chief competitors; Spain, the Netherlands and France. 83 Expeditionary Air Group (Royal Air Force). Died of Disease as Prisoners of War – 6,319 , Some British Overseas Territories also maintain locally raised units and regiments; The Royal Bermuda Regiment, the Falkland Islands Defence Force, the Royal Gibraltar Regiment and the Royal Montserrat Defence Force. The use of regiments within the British Army apparently originates from the early 1600’s to mean a formed body of troops. Washington's army takes up winter quarters at Valley Forge: 1920 : Restoration of Constantine I as King of the Hellenes (1913-1917, deposed, restored 1920-1922, deposed) 1941 : The US Congress authorizes the draft of men up to age 44: 1941 : Italian divers sink British BBs 'Queen Elizabeth' & 'Valiant' at Alexandria: 1941  In support of the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA), the United Kingdom retains a naval repair and logistics support facility at Sembawang wharf, Singapore.  Long-standing constitutional convention, however, has vested de facto executive authority, by the exercise of Royal Prerogative, in the Prime Minister and the Secretary of State for Defence. For centuries, the British military has existed to defend the kingdom from threats. The casualties incurred by the British Army between 3 September 1939, and 31 August 1945 were: Killed or Died of Wounds – 105,872  This entailed the armed forces often constituting a major component in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions under the auspices of the United Nations, NATO, and other multinational operations, including: peacekeeping responsibilities in the Balkans and Cyprus, the 2000 intervention in Sierra Leone and participation in the UN-mandated no-fly zone over Libya (2011). In May 1945, British troops began occupying and administering a ruined country. 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This ultimately led to British involvement in the Crimean War (1854–1856) against the Russian Empire.. The British resolved to invade Afghanistan, and the Army of the Indus, a formidable force of more than 20,000 British and Indian troops, set off from India for Afghanistan in late 1838. , Since the year 2000, sexual orientation has not been a factor considered in recruitment, and homosexuals can serve openly in the armed forces. The British Army is made up of the Regular Army and the Army Reserve. There are 14 armoured regiments within the army, ten regular and four yeomanry (armoured reserve), of which four are designated as "Armoured", three as "Armoured Cavalry", and six as "Light Cavalry". Similarly, under the auspices of NATO, such expeditionary forces are designed to meet Britain's obligations to the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps and other NATO operations. If you would like to help this website continue through advertising or sponsorship – please contact me. The brigade, which was 3,430 strong as of 1 April 2019, draws its heritage from Gurkha units that originally served in the British Indian Army prior to Indian independence, and prior to that served for the East India Company. The British Armed Forces place significant importance in the ability to conduct expeditionary warfare. A Royal Commission was established in 1858, which reported in 1862. This saw Britain engage in a number of intense conflicts over colonial possessions and world trade, including a long string of Anglo-Spanish and Anglo-Dutch wars, as well as a series of "world wars" with France, such as; the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), the French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802) and the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815). I do not hold personal information on individual living people, except for contact details which people disclose in order for me to respond to a request for information, or other matter. 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